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Black operation

A black operation or black op is a covert or clandestine operation by a government agency, a military unit or a paramilitary organization; it can include activities by private companies or groups. Key features of a black operation are that it is secret and it is not attributable to the organization carrying it out. A single such activity may be called a black bag operation; that term is primarily used for covert or clandestine surreptitious entries into structures to obtain information for human intelligence operations. Such operations are known to have been carried out by the FBI, CIA, Mossad, MI6, ASIS, COMANF, DGSE, MSS, R&AW, DGFI, ISI, SVR, FSB and the intelligence services of other nations. The main difference between a black operation and one that is merely secret is that a black operation involves a significant degree of deception, to conceal who is behind it or to make it appear that some other entity is responsible "false flag" operations.

                                               

Central Monitoring System

The Central Monitoring System, abbreviated to CMS, is a centralized telephone interception provisioning system installed by the Centre for Development of Telematics, an Indian Government owned telecommunications technology development centre, and operated by Telecom Enforcement Resource and Monitoring Cells. The CMC system is going to be set up in each major state collocated with the TERM Cells. Telecom operators in India are required by law to give access to their networks to law enforcement agencies. The Indian Government set up the Centralized Monitoring System CMS to automate the process of government-approved Lawful Interception & Monitoring of telecommunications. The Cabinet Committee on Security approved the project of CMS with government funding of Rs 400 Crores. Pilot trials have been completed and the system is anticipated to be progressively implemented from the end of the financial year.

                                               

Dishfire

Dishfire is a covert global surveillance collection system and database run by the United States of Americas National Security Agency and the United Kingdoms Government Communications Headquarters that collects hundreds of millions of text messages on a daily basis from around the world. A related analytic tool is known as Prefer.

                                               

Karma Police (surveillance programme)

Karma Police is the code name for an Internet mass surveillance and data collection programme operated by the United Kingdoms Government Communications Headquarters. In 2015, documents obtained by The Intercept from U.S. National Security Agency whistleblower Edward Snowden revealed that GCHQ had carried out the KARMA POLICE operation since about 2008. The KARMA POLICE operation swept up the IP address of Internet users visiting websites. The program was established with no public scrutiny or oversight. KARMA POLICE is a powerful spying tool in conjunction with other GCHQ programs, because IP addresses could be cross-referenced with other data. The goal of the program, according to the documents, was "either a web browsing profile for every visible user on the internet, or b a user profile for every visible website on the internet." Karma Police was apparently named after the Radiohead song "Karma Police", which includes the lyric "This is what you’ll get when you mess with us".

                                               

Law Enforcement Information Exchange

The Law Enforcement Information Exchange is a database which is maintained by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service. Eugene R. Fidell described the database as constituting domestic spying. According to the NCIS website, The Naval Criminal Investigative Service NCIS launched the Law Enforcement Information Exchange LInX initiative in 2003. LInX is designed to enhance information sharing between local, state, and federal law enforcement in areas of strategic importance to the Department of the Navy. LInX provides participating law enforcement partner agencies with secure access to regional crime and incident data and the tools needed to process it, enabling investigators to search across jurisdictional boundaries to help solve crimes and resolve suspicious events. LInX is designed to facilitate cooperation and sharing. Ownership and control of the data remains with the agency that provided it.

                                               

MUSCULAR (surveillance program)

MUSCULAR, located in the United Kingdom, is the name of a surveillance program jointly operated by Britains Government Communications Headquarters and the U.S. National Security Agency that was revealed by documents released by Edward Snowden and interviews with knowledgeable officials. GCHQ is the primary operator of the program. GCHQ and the NSA have secretly broken into the main communications links that connect the data centers of Yahoo! and Google. Substantive information about the program was made public at the end of October 2013.