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Social programs in Canada

Social programs in Canada include all government programs designed to give assistance to citizens outside what the market provides. The Canadian social safety net covers a broad spectrum of programs, many of which are run by the provinces. Canada has a wide range of government transfer payments to individuals, which totaled 6.6 billion in 2009. Only social programs that direct funds to individuals are included in that cost; programs such as medicare and public education are additional costs.

                                               

Alley Dwelling Authority

The Alley Dwelling Authority was a government funded program that sought to help with the development of alley dwellings in Washington, D.C. Alleys in Washington suffered from a variety of problems, most prominently overpopulation and poverty that increased rapidly over the 1800s, particularly in Foggy Bottom. In 1822, the neighborhood had an estimated forty households with a majority of skilled workers; however, by 1860 there were around 175 households. This drastic change yielded the percentage of skilled workers and unskilled workers to fluctuate. This suggests that there was a boom in the economy and a drastic change in the need for factory hands. This change was beneficial because it created greater numbers to flock into these new areas of Foggy Bottom, then forcing groups like the Alley Dwelling Authorities to step in and reconstruct old dilapidated homes.

                                               

Baby bonus

The government of Andrew Fisher introduced a baby bonus of £5 per child in late 1912. The bonus was available irrespective of marital status and could also be received by husbands of women who died in childbirth. While Fisher told parliament that the aim was to help mothers in their time of need, the intention was also to increase birth and infant survival rates in the country. The baby bonus scheme was reintroduced by the Federal Government of Australia in the 2002 budget was aimed at offsetting the expenses associated with bearing a child. The scheme was also introduced as a means of increasing Australias fertility rate and to mitigate the effects of Australias ageing population. In the 2004 budget the bonus was raised from $3.000 effective 1 July 2004 to $12.000 payable in 2007 but indexed to inflation so that in October 2007, the amount receivable per eligible child was $4.133. The bonus was paid in a lump sum to a nominated financial institution. From 1 January 2009 the payment is paid in 13 fortnightly installments. The receivable amount in January 2012 was $5.437. The receivable amount in September 2012 is $5.000 in 13 fortnightly instalments parents will receive a higher first instalment of $846.20 and 12 fortnightly instalments of $346.15, or if the baby died or was a stillborn, parents may ask for their Baby Bonus to be paid in a lump sum instead of fortnightly instalments. In the draft of the 2013 federal budget, the "baby bonus" would be slashed from $5.000.00 to $2056.45 as of 1 March 2014. The first newborn child will receive $2056.45, and for every subsequent child thereafter, a limited $1028.15 will be submitted.

                                               

Benazir Income Support Programme

The Benazir Income Support Programme is a federal unconditional cash transfer poverty reduction program in Pakistan. Launched in July 2008, it is the largest single social safety net program in the country with nearly Rs. 90 billion distributed to 5.4 million beneficiaries in 2016. The Department for International Development of the United Kingdom is the largest foreign backer of the program, providing $244 million or 27% of the total funds in 2016 with the Pakistani Government providing the rest. As of 2016, the program distributes Rs.19.338 or approx. $195 per annum distributed per month. The stipend is linked to the Consumer Price Index and is paid through a smart card. For now, Dr Sania Nishtar is Chairman of BISP in regime of PTI governance.

                                               

Benefit fraud in the United Kingdom

Benefit fraud is a form of welfare fraud as found within the system of government benefits paid to individuals by the welfare state in the United Kingdom.

                                               

Cash transfer

A cash transfer is a direct transfer payment of money to an eligible person. Cash transfers are either unconditional cash transfers or conditional cash transfers. They may be provided by organisations funded by private donors, or a local or regional government.