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ⓘ Encyclopedia | Governments of country subdivisions - Wiki ..


State governments of Malaysia

The state governments in Malaysia are the governments ruling the 13 states in the federation of Malaysia. All 13 states adopt the Westminster Parliamentary system and each has a unicameral state legislative assembly. The state government structure in all 13 states is similar to the government system of the federal government of Malaysia except for minor native judiciary powers in Sabah and Sarawak and that the state legislatures consist of only a single chamber.


List of provincial governments of Pakistan

The four provincial governments of Pakistan administer the four provinces of Pakistan. There are also two territories and two disputed regions which have similar governments but with some differences. The head of each province is a non-executive Governor appointed by the President, on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Governors play a similar role, at the provincial level, as the President does at the federal level. Each province has a directly elected unicameral legislature, with members elected for five-year terms. Each provincial assembly elects a Chief Minister, who then selects a cabinet of ministers from amongst the members of the Provincial Assembly. Each province also has a High Court, which forms part of the superior judiciary.


Regional Government of Madeira

The Government of the Autonomous Region of Madeira is the local government of this Portuguese autonomous region. The Regional Government is one of the two organs of self-government of the Autonomous Region along with the Regional Legislative Assembly, to which it is politically accountable. The President of the Regional Government is appointed by the Representative of the Republic in light of the results of the elections to the Regional Legislative Assembly. The remaining members of the Regional Government are appointed and discharged by the Representative of the Republic upon proposal of the Governments President. The dissolution of the Regional Legislative Assembly causes the removal of the Regional Government.


Provincial governments of South Africa

The nine provinces of South Africa are governed by provincial governments which form the second layer of government, between the national government and the municipalities. The provincial governments are established, and their structure defined, by Chapter Six of the Constitution of South Africa. The provincial governments are structured according to a parliamentary system in which the executive is dependent on and accountable to the legislature. In each province the provincial legislature is directly elected by proportional representation, and the legislature in turn elects one of its members as Premier to head the executive. The Premier appoints an Executive Council a cabinet, consisting of members of the legislature, to administer the various departments of the provincial administration. The powers of the provincial governments are circumscribed by the national constitution, which limits them to certain listed "functional areas". In some areas the provincial governments powers are concurrent with those of the national government, while in other areas the provincial governments have exclusive powers. The constitution prescribes a principle of "co-operative government" whereby the various layers of government must co-ordinate their actions and legislation; it also lays down a series of rules for resolving conflicts between national and provincial legislation.