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Code enforcement
                                     

ⓘ Code enforcement

Code enforcement, sometimes encompassing law enforcement, is the act of enforcing a set of rules, principles, or laws and ensuring observance of a system of norms or customs. An authority usually enforces a civil code, a set of rules, or a body of laws and compel those subject to their authority to behave in a certain way.

In the United States, those employed in various capacities of code enforcement may be called Code Enforcement Officers, Municipal Regulations Officers, or with various titles depending on their specialization.

In the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, various names are used, but the word Warden is commonly used for various classes of non-police enforcement personnel.

In Canada and some Commonwealth Countries, the term Bylaw Enforcement Officer is more commonly used, as well as Municipal Law Enforcement Officer or Municipal Enforcement Officer.

In Germany order enforcement offices are established under the states laws and local regulations under different terms like Ordnungsamt order enforcement office, Ordnungsdienst order enforcement service, Gemeindevollzugsdienst municipal code enforcement office, Polizeibehorde police authority or Stadtpolizei city police for general-duty bylaw enforcement units.

Various persons and organizations ensure compliance with laws and rules, including:

  • Building inspector, an official who is charged with ensuring that construction is in compliance with local codes.
  • Parking enforcement officer, an official who is charged with enforcing street parking regulations.
  • Fire marshal, an official who is both a police officer and a firefighter and enforces a fire code.
  • Zoning enforcement officer, an official who is charged with enforcing the zoning code of a local jurisdiction, such as a municipality or county.
  • Health inspector, an official who is charged with ensuring that restaurants meet local health codes.
  • Police forces, charged with maintaining public order, crime prevention, and enforcing criminal law.