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List of books banned by governments

Banned books are books or other printed works such as essays or plays which are prohibited by law or to which free access is not permitted by other means. The practice of banning books is a form of censorship, from political, legal, religious, moral, or commercial motives. This article lists notable banned books and works, giving a brief context for the reason that each book was prohibited. Banned books include fictional works such as novels, poems and plays and non-fiction works such as biographies and dictionaries. Since there are a large number of banned books, some publishers have sought out to publish these books. The best-known examples are the Parisian Obelisk Press, which published Henry Millers sexually frank novel Tropic of Cancer, and Olympia Press, which published William Burroughss Naked Lunch. Both of these, the work of father Jack Kahane and son Maurice Girodias, specialized in English-language books which were prohibited, at the time, in Great Britain and the United States. Ruedo iberico, also located in Paris, specialized in books prohibited in Spain during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. Russian literature prohibited during the Soviet period was published outside of Russia. In many territories, distribution, promotion, or certain translations of the Bible have historically been prohibited or impeded. Many countries throughout the world have their own methods of restricting access to books, although the prohibitions vary strikingly from one country to another: hate speech, for example, is prohibited in a number of countries, such as Sweden, though the same books may be legal in the United States or United Kingdom, where the only prohibition is on child pornography. Despite the opposition from the American Library Association ALA, books continue to be banned by school and public libraries across the United States. This is usually the result of complaints from parents, who find particular books not appropriate for their children e.g., books about sexual orientation such as And Tango Makes Three. In many libraries, including the British Library and the Library of Congress, erotic books are housed in separate collections in restricted access reading rooms. In some libraries, a special application may be needed to read certain books. Libraries sometimes avoid purchasing controversial books, and the personal opinions of librarians have at times impacted book selection.


List of central banks

Somaliland – Bank of Somaliland Baanka Somaliland Transnistria – Transnistrian Republican Bank Приднестровский Республиканский Банк Abkhazia - National Bank of the Republic of Abkhazia Аҧсны Аҳәынҭқарра Амилаҭтә Банк Kosovo, Republic of – Central Bank of Kosovo Banka Qendrore e Kosoves Artsakh - Artsakhbank The State Bank Taiwan – Central Bank of the Republic of China Taiwan 中華民國中央銀行 Northern Cyprus – Central Bank of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Kuzey Kıbrıs Turk Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası South Ossetia- National Bank of South Ossetia


List of forms of government

This article lists forms of government and political systems, according to a series of different ways of categorizing them. The systems listed are not mutually exclusive, and often have overlapping definitions.


List of U.S. government and military acronyms

List of initialisms, acronyms, and other abbreviations used by the government and the military of the United States. Note that this list is intended to be specific to the United States government and military - other nations will have their own acronyms.


List of Philippine government and military acronyms

List of initialisms, acronyms, and other abbreviations used by the government and the military of the Philippines. Note that this list is intended to be specific to the Philippine government and military - other nations will have their own acronyms.


List of resignations from government

1800 – Oliver Ellsworth, Chief Justice of the United States September 30, after personal unpopularity and illness while negotiating the Convention of 1800 1795 – John Jay, Chief Justice of the United States June 29, to take office as Governor of New York.


List of special tribunals and courts

This is a list of special or exceptional tribunals and courts for the trying of people. Sometimes, courts that dont try people but curtail political freedoms are also derogatively called "special tribunals," as well as court that establish a privileged jurisdiction for powerful individuals or the government. List coverage is through history and worldwide. Court of Parties Egypt, 1977– Peoples Court Germany Germany, 1934–1945 Iraqi Special Tribunal Iraq, 2003– Sondergerichte Germany, 1933–1945 Special Tribunal for the Defense of the State Italy, 1926–1943 Audiencia Nacional of Spain Spain, 1977– Canadian Human Rights Commission Canada, 1977– Exchequer Court of Canada Canada, 1875–1971 Special Tribunal for the Defense of the RSI State Italy, 1943–1945 Special Tribunal for Lebanon 2009– Revolutionary Tribunal France, 1792–1795 Tribunal de Orden Publico Spain, 1963–1977


List of countries by system of government

This is a list of countries by system of government. There is also a political mapping of the world that shows what form of government each country has, as well as a brief description of what each form of government entails. The list is colour-coded according to the type of government, for example: blue represents a republic with an executive head of state, and pink is a constitutional monarchy with a ceremonial head of state. The colour-coding also appears on the following map, representing the same government categories. The legend of what the different colours represent is found just below the map.


List of United States congressional joint committees

"OFFICIAL ALPHABETICAL LIST OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES of the UNITED STATES ONE HUNDRED ELEVENTH CONGRESS". Clerk of the House of Representatives. August 3, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2011.