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Agricultural Research Institute of Ontario

The Agricultural Research Institute of Ontario is a provincial Crown corporation, established in 1962, by the ARIO Act, to "advocate areas of research for the betterment of agriculture, veterinary medicine and consumer studies" and "increase the production efficiency and marketing of agricultural products by stimulating interest in research". It is located adjacent to the University of Guelph campus.

                                               

List of research stations in the Arctic

A number of governments maintain permanent research stations in the Arctic. Also known as Arctic bases, polar stations or ice stations, these bases are widely distributed across the northern Polar region of the earth. Historically few research stations have been permanent. Most of them were temporary, being abandoned after the completion of the project or owing to lack of funding to continue the research. Some of these facilities are constructed on land or on ice that rests on land, while others are drifting ice stations built on the sea ice of the high latitudes of the Arctic Ocean.

                                               

ARPA-E

ARPA-E, or Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy is a United States government agency tasked with promoting and funding research and development of advanced energy technologies. It is modeled after the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

                                               

BRAIN Initiative

The White House BRAIN Initiative, is a collaborative, public-private research initiative announced by the Obama administration on April 2, 2013, with the goal of supporting the development and application of innovative technologies that can create a dynamic understanding of brain function. This activity is a Grand Challenge focused on revolutionizing our understanding of the human brain, and was developed by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy OSTP as part of a broader White House Neuroscience Initiative. Inspired by the Human Genome Project, BRAIN aims to help researchers uncover the mysteries of brain disorders, such as Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases, depression, and traumatic brain injury TBI. Participants in BRAIN and affiliates of the project include DARPA and IARPA as well as numerous private companies, universities, and other organizations in the United States, Australia, Canada, and Denmark.

                                               

Brain/MINDS

The Brain/MINDS is a Japanese project sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan. The project was launched in June 2014. The Brain/MINDS Project studies focuses on three areas: Human brain mapping. This is led by Kiyoto Kasai of the University of Tokyos Graduate School of Medicines. Developing technologies for brain mapping; led by Atsushi Miyawaki, also of the RIKEN Brain Science Institute. The study of the brain of the common marmoset – a non-human primate. This is led by Hideyuki Okano of the RIKEN Brain Science Institute and the Keio University School of Medicine.

                                               

Canadian government scientific research organizations

Expenditures by federal and provincial organizations on scientific research and development accounted for about 10% of all such spending in Canada in 2006. These organizations are active in natural and social science research, engineering research, industrial research and medical research. Below is a list of Canadian Federal and Provincial Government scientific research organizations as of January 2008. In some cases the agency mentioned is dedicated exclusively to scientific research, a good example being the National Research Council Canada. In other cases the organization conducts scientific research within the framework of a much larger mandate, such as the transportation research undertaken by the Transportation Development Centre in Montreal which occurs as part on the general transportation regulatory function of Transport Canada. While most of the organizations mentioned here are "brick and mortar", some, such as the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, are "virtual" and consist of dedicated groups of researchers who are geographically dispersed but remain in close contact through electronic means. Total funding for the organizations listed below amounted to about C$2.5 billion in 2006, or about 10% of all scientific research and development spending in Canada.