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Government crisis

                                               

1997–98 Czech political crisis

Czech political crisis in 1997-1998 started as a result of irregularities in finances of Civic Democratic Party. It peaked with so-called Sarajevo atentate, an attempt to remove Vaclav Klaus from leadership of Civic Democratic Party. The attempt occurred during Klaus visit in Sarajevo. Crisis led to split in ODS and snap election in 1998.

                                               

2005–2006 Thai political crisis

In 2005 and 2006, a series of events occurred in Thailand as a result of an unrest with Thaksin Shinawatra that was supported by Sondhi Limthongkul and his coalitions. It led a military coup that concluded in the overthrow of the Thai Rak Thai government in September 2006, the flight of Thaksin after the court verdict, and the establishment of the junta government led by Surayud Chulanont, a favourite of privy councillor and senior statesman Prem Tinsulanonda. The crisis and resulting coup and post-coup military government called into question issues of media freedom, the role of the constitution in breaking a political deadlock, and the existence of political stability in Thailand. It also reflected long-term and significant disparity between urban and rural political orientation and abuses of power and conflict of interest of a democratically elected leader that have long plagued the Thai political landscape. These issues contributed to the crisis and culminated in the coup detat of September 2006. Sondhi Limthongkul, a media mogul who had previously been a staunch supporter of Thaksin, played a major, leading role in the crisis through the establishment of the anti-Thaksin Peoples Alliance for Democracy. The PAD aligned itself with several state-enterprise unions who were against Thaksins privatisation plans for state enterprises, human right and civil politics activists who charged Thaksin rule as "undemocratic", monopoly of power, human right abuse, suppressing the freedom of press and extrajudicial killings of drug traffickers, a main concern among several human right groups. The crucial anti-Thaksin coalitions were also supporters of the controversial monk Luang Ta Maha Bua who opposed the Thaksin governments appointment of Somdet Phra Buddhacharya as acting Supreme Patriarch in place of the critically ill Somdet Phra Yanasangworn, allegedly the political intervention of the monastic affairs. Significant supporters of PAD were also prominent socialists, scholars and "royalists" who claimed that Thaksin frequently insulted King Bhumibol Adulyadej, various factions in the Thai military who claimed that Thaksin promoted only those who were loyal to him, and various civil groups has vowed to resume protests should pro-Thaksin practices and policies of the Samak government become evident. Apparently, critics on Thaksin Shinawatra took place even before the Sondhis movement. Severe critics occurred around the Thaksin case of hidden assets, filed to the Constitutional Court. According to the verdict, Thaksin could escape the proof of guilty with 8-7 votes of the judges. Human right abuses were also the cause of critics. Thaksins war of drug became controversial when thousands of killings and murder cases explained by the authority as "extrajudicial" and could-be a "revenge" among the drug traffickers. Besides the removal and a threat on Sondhis program, freedom of press became the focus. Sutthichai Yoon, another major critic, was filed a case against. In early 2006, the supporters of Thaksin Shinawatra, claimed supported by the premier himself and his close figures, blockaded the entry of the Nation Group building, threatening to "burn" the building. Possibly the movement rallied by Sondhi, then became the focus of several anti-Thaksin groups.

                                               

2006 Ukrainian political crisis

The 2006 Parliamentary crisis in Ukraine started in March 2006 as a result of inconclusive parliamentary elections, and ended on 3 August 2006 with Viktor Yanukovych being chosen as a Prime Minister to replace Yuriy Yekhanurov, who resigned right after the parliamentary elections. Many speculated that Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko BYuT might form a coalition with Our Ukraine party and the Socialist Party of Ukraine SPU to prevent the Party of Regions from gaining power. Yulia Tymoshenko solicited to become Prime Minister. However, negotiations with Our Ukraine and SPU faced many difficulties as the various blocs scrapped over posts and engaged in counter-negotiations with other groupings. Apparently President Viktor Yushchenko did not want Tymoshenko to become Prime Minister. Initially SPUs Oleksandr Moroz wanted the post of Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada. On Wednesday 21 June 2006, the Ukrainian media reported that the three parties had finally reached a coalition agreement, which appeared to have ended nearly three months of political uncertainty. Tymoshenkos nomination and confirmation as new Prime Minister was expected to be straightforward. However, the nomination was preconditioned on an election of her long-term rival Petro Poroshenko from Our Ukraine as the speaker of the parliament. Tymoshenko stated that she would vote for any speaker from the coalition. Within a few days after the coalition agreement had been signed, it became clear that the coalition members mistrusted each other, since they considered it to be a deviation from parliamentary procedures in order to hold a simultaneous vote on Poroshenko as the speaker and Tymoshenko as Prime Minister. The Party of Regions announced an ultimatum to the coalition, demanding that the parliamentary procedures be observed, asking membership in parliamentary committees to be allocated in proportion to seats held by each fraction, chairmanship in certain Parliamentary committees as well as Governorships in the administrative subdivisions won by the Party of Regions. The Party of Regions complained the coalition agreement deprived the Party of Regions and the communists of any representation in the executive and leadership in parliamentary committees while in the local regional councils won by the Party of Regions, the coalition parties were locked out of all committees as well. Members from the Party of Regions blocked the parliament from Thursday, 29 June through Thursday, 6 July. Following a surprise nomination of Moroz as the Rada Chairman and his subsequent election late on 6 July with the support of the Party of Regions, the "Orange coalition" collapsed Poroshenko had withdrawn his candidacy and had urged Moroz to do the same on 7 July. After the creation of a large coalition of majority the so-called Alliance of National Unity, led by the former prime minister Viktor Yanukovych and composed of the Party of Regions, Socialists and Communists, Viktor Yanukovych became Prime Minister. Whilst Tymoshenko immediately announced that her political force would be in opposition to the new government, after the signing of the Universal of National Unity Our Ukraine initially wanted to join this coalition and indeed five of its members where appointed Cabinet oMinisters in the coalition, but in October 2006 Our Ukraine joined the opposition. By November 2006 there five ministers where dismissed by parliament or withdrawn by Our Ukraine. Following the 2007 Ukrainian political crisis new elections were called and held in 2007.

                                               

2007 Ukrainian political crisis

The political crisis in Ukraine lasted from April to June 2007 was part of political stand off between coalition and opposition factions of Verkhovna Rada that led to the unscheduled 2007 Ukrainian parliamentary election. It started on 2 April 2007 as a culmination of long lasting crisis and degradation of the parliamentary coalition when the President of Ukraine attempted to dissolve the parliament. The following day, in light of impending political unrest, the United Nations Resident Coordinator, Francis Martin ODonnell following an earlier call to deepen democracy and liberalize the economy, exceptionally issued an advisory statement of principles on behalf of the Country Team. The president signed a presidential decree based on several articles of the Constitution of Ukraine ordering early parliamentary elections in Ukraine to be held on 27 May 2007, though they were later postponed to 24 June 2007. He also ordered the government of Ukraine to finance the appointed elections. The Parliament and the government of Yanukovych called this decree unconstitutional and prevented fund allocation for elections. An appeal against the Presidents decree was lodged in Ukraines Constitutional Court, which was considering the appeal. The Constitutional Court was expected to conclude its public hearing on Wednesday, 25 April 2007, following the presentation of the Government and Parliaments submission. The Court would then retire to consider their ruling. Viktor Yushchenko suspended the decree and postponed date of the election in order to have approved legislation on elections, the opposition, and the operation of Parliament.

                                               

2007 Zimbabwean political crisis

A political crisis began in Zimbabwe on 11 March 2007 when opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was beaten and tortured after being arrested, prompting widespread domestic and international criticism. 29 March: The Southern African Development Community held a summit in Tanzania, with the Zimbabwe crisis high on its agenda. 21 March: The United States Ambassador to Zimbabwe, Christopher Dell, said that the countrys people had "turned a corner" and were "losing their fear". 21 March: Levy Mwanawasa, president of neighbouring Zambia, likened the situation in Zimbabwe "to a sinking Titanic whose passengers are jumping out in a bid to save their lives". 22 March: The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bulawayo, Pius Ncube, called for mass public protests to bring pressure to bear on President Robert Mugabe to resign. 14 March: Two female officers were seriously injured in a fire-bomb attack on a police station in Harare; the government blamed the opposition Movement for Democratic Change MDC. Similar attacks and other forms of protest took place in other parts of the country. 23 March: The Prime Minister of Australia John Howard called for the world to work towards ousting Mugabe. 15 March: President Robert Mugabe made a statement about Western criticism of his regime: "When they criticise the government when it tries to prevent violence and punish perpetrators of that violence we take the position that they can go hang." 17 March: Four ranking members of the opposition were refused permission to leave the country, some of them seeking treatment for injuries inflicted in police custody. MP Nelson Chamisa said he was beaten at Harare Airport; doctors later reported that he had received a fractured skull. 28 March: Morgan Tsvangirai was arrested in a raid on his headquarters. 8 April: Zimbabwes Roman Catholic bishops call on the President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe to stand down or face "open revolt" in a message posted on church bulletin boards across the country.