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Ministry (government department)

A ministry is a high governmental organisation, headed by a minister, that is meant to manage a specific sector of public administration. Governments may have differing numbers and types of ministries, but the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary notes that all states have a Ministry of Interior, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a Ministry of Defence, a Ministry of Justice, and a Ministry of Finance. A Ministry of Education or similar is also commonly present. Ministries are usually immediate subdivisions of the cabinet the executive branch of the government, and subordinate to its chief executive who is called prime minister, chief minister, president, minister-president, or federal chancellor. During the 20th century, many countries increasingly tended to replace the term "ministry" with titles such as "department", "office", or "state secretariat". In some countries, these terms may be used with specific meanings: for example, an office may be a subdivision of a department or ministry.

                                               

Cabinet department

A cabinet department or prime ministers department is a department or other government agency that directly supports the work of the governments central executive office, usually the cabinet and/or prime minister, rather than specific ministerial portfolios. Such a department is present in many parliamentary democracies. The department is roughly equivalent in function to a presidents office in a presidential system of government or an office of the council of ministers in a semi-presidential system. In many countries, such a department is called a Prime Ministers Office. In some other countries, there is a Cabinet Office. In the United Kingdom, the Prime Ministers Office is a part of the Cabinet Office; in Australia and New Zealand, there is a single department called the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. In some countries, such as Germany and Poland, the department supporting the prime minister the Chancellor in Germany is called the chancellery. Self-governing states and provinces within federations that are parliamentary democracies often have similar departments, such as a premiers department or, in Australia, Department of the Premier and Cabinet.

                                               

Direccion Federal de Seguridad

The Direccion Federal de Seguridad was a Mexican intelligence agency. Created in 1947, at the eve of the Cold War, under Mexican president Miguel Aleman Valdes, with the assistance of U.S. intelligence agencies as part of the Truman Doctrine of Soviet Containment, with the duty of "preserving the internal stability of Mexico against all forms subversion and terrorist threats". It was merged into the Centro de Investigacion y Seguridad Nacional in 1985. During the period from 1968 to the late 1970s a period called The Mexican Dirty War, the DFS was accused of illegal detentions, torture, assassinations and forced disappearances. At least 347 complaints were received by the United Nations related to Mexican State crimes from 1960 to 1980. The agency was highly successful in thwarting and deterring any attempt by anti-government or pro-Soviet organizations to destabilize the country. However, it was a notoriously controversial government entity, and it was disbanded under the presidency of Miguel de la Madrid by the hand of his secretary of the interior Manuel Bartlett Diaz in 1985. Multiple agents were suspected and later confirmed of having links with criminal organizations, which included top members like Miguel Nazar Haro and Arturo "El Negro" Durazo Moreno. Other infamous former agents includes Juan Jose Esparragoza Moreno, who after the dissolution of the agency, later on became the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel which in 2011 was named as the most powerful drug trafficking organisation in the world. Some such criminal exploits included a million dollar US-Mexico car theft ring, collaborating in drug trafficking with the Guadalajara Cartel including the protection of the infamous "Colonia Bufalo" marijuana crops, training the Nicaraguan contras in drug trafficker owned ranches, the murder of journalist Manuel Buendia, for investigating ties between the DFS, the CIA and drug traffickers, and for having some degree of participation in, and providing cover to, the kidnapping and subsequent death of DEA agent Enrique Camarena Salazar.

                                               

Ministry of Antiquities (Egypt)

It was formed from the Supreme Council of Antiquities in 2011 during the reign of President Hosni Mubarak to deal with the security and theft of Egyptian antiquities. Grave robbers have been looting ancient Egyptian tombs for centuries. The Ministry of Antiquities works to get the items restored back to Egypt, whenever possible. Over the years, thousands of stolen antiquities have made their way back to Egypt. For instance, in late 2016, the ministry recovered and repatriated two of four Islamic era lamps which had been stolen in 2015. In 2018, a carving in the shape of Osiris which had been hidden in furniture and shipped to Kuwait was repatriated to Egypts Ministry of Antiquities.

                                               

Ministry of Immigration and Population