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Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research

The Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research is an intergovernmental network that promotes policy-oriented research and capacity-building activities related to global change in the region. APN receives financial contribution from the governments of the United States, Japan, Republic of Korea and New Zealand, with in-kind contribution from all it 22 member countries. The APN Secretariat is based in Kobe, Japan, hosted by the Hyogo Prefectural Government.


Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management

The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management is an American organization whose focus is improving public policy and management by fostering excellence in research, analysis, and education. APPAM founded the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management in 1981. The President is Brendan Sullivan.


Blanket policy

Blanket policy is a policy which behaves similarly to a variety of things. Based on Websters Dictionary it "covers a group or class of things or properties instead of one or more things mentioned individually, as where a mortgage secures various debts as a group, or subjects a group or class of different pieces of property to one general lien."


Eightfold path (policy analysis)

The eightfold path is a method of policy analysis assembled by Eugene Bardach, a professor at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley. It is outlined in his book A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis: The Eightfold Path to More Effective Problem Solving, which is now in its fourth edition. The book is commonly referenced in public policy and public administration scholarship. Bardachs procedure is as follows: Decide Construct the alternatives Confront the trade-offs Define the problem Tell your story Select the criteria Assemble the evidence Project the outcomes A possible ninth step, based on Bardachs own writing, might be "repeat steps 1 - 8 as necessary." The New York taxi driver test is a technique for evaluating the effectiveness of communication between policy makers and analysts. Bardach contends that policy explanations must be clear and down-to-earth enough for a taxi driver to be able to understand the premise during a trip through city streets. The New York taxi driver is presumed to be both a non-specialist and a tough customer.


End Use Energy Demand Centres

The End Use Energy Demand Centres carry out interdisciplinary research and advise policy on reducing energy demand to help achieve the UK governments CO2 emissions targets. The Centres are a £30m investment of the Research Councils UK Energy Programme that run from 2013-2018. The six large centres are based across 25 institutions and encompass over 200 researchers.


Haldane principle

The Haldane Principle is named after Richard Burdon Haldane, who in 1904 and from 1909 to 1918 chaired committees and commissions which recommended policy related to the government funding of research. Over time the definition of the policy has evolved. Broadly the Haldane Principle at any one time, defines the boundaries between the strategic and tactical decisions as to what research gets funded and who makes those funding decisions. The 1904 committee recommended the creation of the University Grants Committee which has evolved via the Universities Funding Council into the current higher education funding councils: Research Councils UK, Higher Education Funding Council for England, Scottish Funding Council and Higher Education Funding Council for Wales.